Carbon Dioxide (CO2) – This is a non-toxic gas, which has a negative contribution towards the environment. This is a global problem and governments around the world are continuously pursuing policies to reduce CO2 emissions.
Carbon Monoxide (CO) – Produced from an incomplete combustion process of fuel. This gas is hazardous to health; it reduces the ability of blood to carry oxygen, a cause of headaches, respiratory problems and at high concentration; death.
Hydrocarbons (HC) – HCs are emitted from the exhaust as unburnt fuel and as evaporation from the fuel tank and from the nozzle at the point of filling up. HC’s reacts with Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) in low-level which produces photochemical oxidants and low-level Ozone, causing breathing problems and increased symptoms in those with asthma.
Oxides of Nitrogen (NOx) – NOx emissions are produced in the combustion process. HCs reacts with NOx in sunlight which produces low-level OZone; this can cause inflammation of the airways reduced lung function which can trigger asthma and can contribute to the formation of Particulate Matter (PM).
Particulate Matter (PM) – This is partially burnt fuel which is mainly associated with Diesel Engines. The molecules are formed by the reaction to the other pollutant gases. PMs are small particles that make their way into the deep tissue causing respiratory and cardiovascular complaints.
Particulate Number (PN) – Just like PMs, Particulate Number is a partially burnt fuel associated with Diesel Engines. PNs are molecules that are so small they can only be seen under a powerful microscope. The molecules make their way into the body through the skin causing; irregular heartbeats, nonfatal heart attacks, decreased lung function and increased respiratory symptoms and even premature death in some cases. The ALCHEMIST has been proven to reduce these harmful emissions. Vehicles of all ages have been tested both on and off road; the results are outstanding!